Component 1. Large Towns

This component focused on African towns with between 30,000 and 300,000 inhabitants

Due to their status as contracting authority, these large towns are faced with the challenge of developing and sustainably managing water and sanitation services.

Fulfilling such a responsibility requires specific knowledge of the sector’s local needs and issues, as well as a pragmatic vision for defining means of intervention and prioritizing actions.


To accompany and support African local authorities to develop concerted strategies for each town in conjunction with the various local water and sanitation sector stakeholders. The local authorities lead the process.


The process led to the formulation of an intervention policy for each town that includes both the identified needs and the demands of the local people.  With regard to the actions to be implemented, the policy differentiates between those that can be undertaken using locally available financial resources and those that require international funding.

Main process steps:

  1. Developing a socio-economic and technical diagnostic that takes the expectations and perceptions of the actors of both supply and demand into account;
  2. Discussing the diagnostic findings;
  3. Conducting a concerted process to develop the intervention strategy.

Towns in which the approach was piloted:

Preliminary phase: Dschang (Cameroon), Koudougou (Burkina Faso), Ziguinchor (Senegal)

Phase 1: Abomey (Benin), Ebolowa (Cameroon), Rosso (Mauritania) and Tahoua (Niger)

Phase 2: Grand-Bassam (Côte d’Ivoire), Dolisie (Republic of the Congo), Bandundu (Democratic Repbulic of the Congo) and Louga (Senegal)

Phase 3: Debre-Birhan (Ethiopia), Masaka (Uganda), Moshi (Tanzania)

Documents produced within each town.

Methodological guide for developing a concerted municipal strategy: CMS Guide 1








Briefing Notes:

Article: "Consultation between all actors: A matter of local democracy for towns in Africa"

Article: "Perspectives for and monitoring of the approach: Continue lesson-sharing and dissemination efforts"

Article: "Two examples in West Africa: Proven positive impacts"