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Lebanon's third national communication to the UNFCCC

rapport Nov 2016 ; 237 pages
Ed. MoE - Beirut UNDP - Beirut
Téléchargeable sous format: PdF (2 070 ko)
Téléchargeable chez l'éditeur
Lebanon became a party to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) in 1994, after having ratified the Convention as per Law 359. As a non-Annex I Party to the Convention, Lebanon has committed itself to regularly prepare, publish and report its national communication to the Conference of Parties to the UNFCCC. The country has submitted in 1999 and 2011 its First and Second National Communication respectively. While building on the work of the 2 previous reports, this Third National Communication (TNC) presents an improved methodology of national Greenhouse Gas (GHG) emissions for 2012 with a trend series for 1994-2012, and analysis of reduction potentials, climate change vulnerability, impacts and adaptation capacity. The content of the Third National Communication is the result of many consultations with academics and representatives from government institutions, private sector and non-governmental organizations, in order to capture their expert judgement in the sectors covered in the TNC, and to ensure improve-ment of data estimations and calculations compared to previous national communications.
Executive summary
Chapter 1: National circumstances
- Government structure
- Population profile
- Geographic profile
- Climate profile
- Economic profile
- Energy
- Transportation
- Industry
- Solid waste
- Wastewater
- Agriculture
- Land use, land use change and forestry
- Tourism
- Water
- Public health
- Climate action
Chapter 2: National greenhouse gas inventory
- Introduction
- Methodology
- Lebanon’s greenhouse gas inventory in 2012
- GHG emissions by sector
- GHG emissions by gas
- Trends in GHG emissions: 1994-2012
- Indirect greenhouse gases and sulphur dioxide
Chapter 3: Mitigation analysis
- Energy sector
- Transport sector
- Industrial processes and products use
- Agriculture sector
- Land use, land use change and forestry
- Waste and wastewater sector
Chapter 4: Climate risks, vulnerability and adaptation assessment
- Future climatic changes in Lebanon
- Impacts of climate change in Lebanon
- Economic costs to Lebanon’s households, businesses and communities from climate change
- Adaptation actions
Chapter 5: Gaps, constraints and related financial, technical and capacity building needs
- Gaps and constraints related to reporting and related institutional and MRV arrangements
- Constraints related to implementation of policies and projects
- Financial gaps and constraints


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Mots clefs:

changement climatique (CI) (DT) (OP) , changement climatique - adaptation (CI) (DT) (OP) , changement climatique - atténuation (CI) (DT) (OP)

Pays concerné:

Liban (CI) (DT) (OP)


MoE - Ministry of Environment - Beirut - Liban

UNDP - United Nations Development Programme - Beirut - Liban

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