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A political economy of water in Lebanon : water resource management, infrastructure production, and the International Development Complex



thèse Apr 2014 ; 269 pages
Aut. Karim Eid-Sabbagh
Ed. SOAS - London
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Abstract:
This thesis argues that the interaction of the International Development Complex _ the network of international development actors _ and the Lebanese water administration generally follows the patterns of reproduction of existing Lebanese power structures and relations. This interaction is analyzed through its effects on the hydro social cycle. The socially unjust and logically unsustainable waterscape which took form after the Civil war (and as a result of it) is reshaped in this interaction and reproduces the unequal access to water.
The interaction is shaped by the at times opposing logics of the actors. The IDC's involvement is guided by a neoliberal development ideology. The Lebanese elite acts following a logic of power reproduction centered on the control of national resources, control over administrative bodies, and the division of territory. When these logics are at odds the elite's logic generally subverts water sector development projects and reform attempts to incorporate its own needs. The IDC's continuous efforts to shape the water resource management process disregard the structural roots of their failure and it is unwilling and incapable to address these. As a result promoted solutions are inherently incapable of delivering promised progress. Thus the contribution of the IDC to power reproductive dynamics becomes the most significant outcome of this interaction. This happens along four lines at varying sales: 1) the ideology of the IDC reinforces the actually existing neoliberalism and forecloses alternative forms of water resources management; 2) IDC funding for infrastructure supports the reproduction of the existing accumulation regime and influences developmental priorities according to its own priorities; 3) the administration is increasingly shaped according to neoliberal templates that cannot but maintain its structural short comings because the elite's control over it is not and cannot be fundamentally challenged; 4) the Lebanese water sector becomes increasingly dependent on the IDC's involvement.
Contents:
I- Literature review
II- Lebanese Water Resources and administration
III- The International Development complex
IV- Water sector reform
V- A political ecological analysis

Publics-Cibles:

Université , Enseignant

Mots clefs:

cycle de l'eau (CI) (DT) (OP) , gestion de la ressource en eau (CI) (DT) (OP) , mode de gestion/gouvernance (CI) (DT) (OP) , recherche scientifique (CI) (DT) (OP) , service public de l'eau (CI) (DT) (OP)

Pays concerné:

Liban (CI) (DT) (OP)

Editeur/Diffuseur:

SOAS - School of Oriental and African Studies - London - Royaume Uni
    

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